Compatibility Analysis Between Portland Cement Type I and Micro/Nano-SiO2 in Presence of Polycarboxylate-Type Superplasticizers
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This study, assessed the interaction between Portland cement type I and polycarboxylate-type superplasticizers. Five systems were analyzed with the cement- superplasticizer pair being selected from the viewpoint of its rheological behavior using the Marsh cone test. The rheological behavior was analyzed using plain and mineral additions of 5, 10 and 15 wt% and 1, 2, and 3 wt% of silica fume (SF) and nanosilica (nS), respectively. Mechanical and rheological validations were carried out in binary-concretes with nS or SF. The results showed that addition of amorphous silica in different particle sizes has very different rheological results. Particularly, in SF-concretes, the samples exhibited higher susceptibility to bleeding and segrega- tion for higher SF amounts. This limited the application of high SP dosages, but this fact induced a premature slump loss even at the early age. In contrast, nS-concretes tended to have less bleeding, increased packing density and enhanced cohesive- ness of the cement matrix. Therefore, higher SP dosages were possible. The results also showed that when mineral additions are applied in concrete mixes the Marsh cone test results of cement pastes must be interpreted carefully. For SF-concretes the numerical results were effectively anticipated by using the Marsh methodology.